J.R.R. Tolkien in his greenhouse, as photographed by Valerie Finnis (1924-2006), from her book Garden People.
Games alter the very nature of cultural consumption. Music is played by musicians, but most people are not musicians – they listen to music that someone else has made.
Games, on the other hand, require active participation. Game design involves systems logic, social psychology, and culture hacking. To play a game deeply is to think more and more like a game designer – to tinker, retro-engineer, and modify a game in order to find new ways to play. As more people play more deeply in the Ludic Century, the lines will become increasingly blurred between game players and game designers."
Eric Zimmerman, Manifesto For A Ludic Century
I’ve watched my son go through the transition from playing games, to imagining his own games, to building content within a game’s sandbox, to hacking games, to writing new ones.
(Even when he was 4 or 5 he was already drawing screenshots of games like Many Items 64, Samoga: Bug Hero Of Adventure and Rayman 13.)
The LA Public Library Bookmobile programme for the sick, 1928.
"There are books that one reads over and over again, books that become part of the furniture of one’s mind and alter one’s whole attitude to life, books that one dips into but never reads through, books that one reads at a single sitting and forgets a week later."
Books v. Cigarettes, George Orwell (via readaroundtherosie)
This tree grew around a stone sculpture of a face, making it appear as if there is a green man trapped inside.
"Strength doesn’t come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths. When you go through hardships & don’t surrender, that is strength."
"I have a theory that every time you make an important choice, the part of you left behind continues the other life you could have had."
Jeanette Winterson, Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit (via fables-of-the-reconstruction)
July 21, 1925: Scopes Found Guilty in “Monkey Trial”
On this day in 1925, a Tennessee high school science teacher, John Thomas Scopes, was found guilty for allegedly teaching evolution, which violated Tennessee state law. The Scopes Trial, known as the “Monkey Trial,” lasted only a week, but ignited conversation and debate over whether to teach Creation or Evolution in the classroom.
The court acquitted Scopes on a technicality but upheld the constitutionality of the state law which was eventually overturned in 1967.
Image: John Thomas Scopes, Library of Congress.